Sahyadri: Western Ghats Ecology and Biodiversity Environmental Information System @ CES , IISc

Trees & Lianas of Evergreen Forest of the Western Ghats (India)

Lianas

Scientific Name: Alangium salvifolium(L.f)Wang.var.hexapetalum wang.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: Leaves3to5-nerved at base,7-18cm long,elliptic-oblong to oblong-obovate;
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves3to5-nerved at base,7-18cm long,elliptic-oblong to oblong-obovate;caudate-acuminate at apex Leaves alternate

Scientific Name: Anamirta cocculus wt.&Arn
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: Leaves acuminate at apex; not glaucous beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves acuminate at apex; not glaucous beneath.Hairy domatia along secondary nerves Leaves alternate

Scientific Name: Bauhinia anguina Roxb.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: leaves glabrous.Leaves alternate.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Tendrils present;branchlets and leaves glabrous.Stems alternately twisted one way and the other between straight margins. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Bauhinia phoenicea Heyne ex Wt&Arn
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: leaves beneath finely ferruginous pubesentLeaves alternate.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Tendrils absent;branchlets and leaves beneath finely ferruginous pubesent Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Butea parviflora Roxb.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Branches unarmed;leaflets not gland-dotted,terminal leaflet rhomboid to broad ovate or broad obovate,side ones asymmetric. Leaves compound.

Scientific Name: Calycopteris floribunda (Roxb)poir
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves with reddish,resinous gland-dots.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves with reddish,resinous gland-dots. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Canthium angustifolium Roxb
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves rounded to sub -truncate at base.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Armed with spines,Leaves rounded to sub -truncate at base. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Capparis moonii Wt
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: Leaves 8-10cm long, ovate to lanceolate, obtuse or shortly acuminate with amucronate tip.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves 8-10cm long, ovate to lanceolate, obtuse or shortly acuminate with amucronate tip. Leaves alternate

Scientific Name: Chilocarpus atrovirens(G.Don)B1.=C,malabaricus Bedd.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves opposite.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Secondary nerves more than 20 pairs,closely parallel;intramarginal nerves present;leaf blade elliptic-oblong, caudate at apex. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Chonemorpha fragrans(Moon)Alston. =C.macrophylla G.Don
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves broad elliptic,cordate at base;fulvous tomentose beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves broad elliptic,cordate at base;fulvous tomentose beneath. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Combretum latifolium B1 =C. extensum Don.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves broad elliptic,cordate at base;fulvous tomentose beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Domatia present in axils of secondary nerves beneath;leaves sub-orbicular to elliptic,rounded at base. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Connarus ritchiei J.Hk
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Secondary nerves slender.reticulation minute;leaflets chartaceous to sub-coriaceous. Leaves compound.

Scientific Name: Connarus sclerocarpus Schellenb.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Secondary nerves strong and distinctly raised beneath,reticulation coarse;leaflets thickly coriaceous. Leaves compound.

Scientific Name: Connarus wightii J,Hk.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound.
Leaf Lets: leaflets chartaceous to sub-coriaceous.
Description: Secondary nerves slender.reticulation minute;leaflets chartaceous to sub-coriaceous. Leaves compound.

Scientific Name: Coscinium fenestratum colebr.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: leaves minutely white tomentose beneath;Leaves alternate.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Wood yellow in section;leaves minutely white tomentose beneath;generally peltate to sub-peltate. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Dalbergia horrida (Dennst)Mabberly =D.multiflora Heyne ex prain
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets alternate,oblong upto 2*1cm;
Description: Main stem armed with spines.Leaflets alternate,oblong upto 2*1cm;truncate to slightly emarginate at apex Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Derris brevipes Baker
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 5-7 3
Description: Leaflets 5-7 3 Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Derris canarensis(Dalz)Baker;
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 5-7 3
Description: Leaflets 5-7 3 Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Derris heyneana(wt&Arn)Benth.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 5-7 3
Description: Leaflets 5-7 3 Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Derris thyrsiflora(Benth)Benth.Var,.eualata(Bedd)Thoth =D.eualata Bedd.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets7-9
Description: Leaflets7-9 Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Diploclisia glaucescens(B1)Diels.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate
Leaf Apperance: Leaves rounded to obtuse at apex,
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves rounded to obtuse at apex,glaucous beneath,Domatia absent. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Entada pursaetha DC. =E.scandens auct.non benth.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: leaflets elliptic to obovate with retuse apex.
Description: Unarmed.pinnae 2-3paers;rachis ending into bifid tendrils;leaflets elliptic to obovate with retuse apex. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Gnetum ula Brogn.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves drying black.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Section of branches shows excentric rings,Leaves drying black. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Loeseneriella arnottiana(Gamble)Ramam.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves drying brown or greyish beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Section of branches not as above;leaves drying brown or greyish beneath. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Loeseneriella bourdillonii(Wt)Smith;
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves drying brown or greyish beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Section of branches not as above;leaves drying brown or greyish beneath. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Luvunga sarmentosa(B1)kurz. =L.eleutherandra Dalz.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: leaflets gland dotted,elliptic-oblong,rarely obovate.
Description: Branches armed;leaflets gland dotted,elliptic-oblong,rarely obovate. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Mezoneuron cucullatum(Roxb)Wt&Arn.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 4 pairs ;elliptic ovate upto 10*5cm.
Description: Leaflets 4 pairs ;elliptic ovate upto 10*5cm. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Millettia rubiginosa Wt& Arn.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 5-7;secondary nerves 8-1d0 pairs.
Description: Pubescence ferruginous.Leaflets 5-7;secondary nerves 8-1d0 pairs. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Millettia splendens Wt&Arn.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 7-9;secondary nerves 15-25 pairs.
Description: Pubescence silvery shining.Leaflets 7-9;secondary nerves 15-25 pairs. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Moullava spicata(Dalz)Nicolson. = wagatea spicata Dalz.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets 5-7pairs ;asymmetric or narrow ovate to oblong,upto 5.5*2.5cm.
Description: Leaflets 5-7pairs ;asymmetric or narrow ovate to oblong,upto 5.5*2.5cm. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Myxopyrum smilacifolium B1
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves irregularly,sharjply dentate at margin.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves irregularly,sharjply dentate at margin. Tendrils absent. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Paramignya monophylla Wt.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves gland -dotted.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves gland -dotted. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Quisqualis malabarica Bedd.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves elliptic to elliptic -oblong, acuminate.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Lower half of the petiole hardening as rigid spines after the leaf fall;leaves elliptic to elliptic -oblong, acuminate. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Randia rugulosa(Thw)J.Hk.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves acute to attenuate at base.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Unaarmed.Leaves acute to attenuate at base. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Raphidophora laciniata(N.Burm)Merrill.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves large laciniate.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Rooting climbers.Leaves large laciniate. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Salacia beddomei Gamble
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves drying brown or greyish beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Section of branches not as above;leaves drying brown or greyish beneath. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Salacia fruticosa Lawson
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves drying brown or greyish beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Section of branches not as above;leaves drying brown or greyish beneath. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Salacia malabarica Gamble;
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves drying brown or greyish beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Section of branches not as above;leaves drying brown or greyish beneath. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Sarcostigma kleinii Wt&Arn.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate.
Leaf Apperance: leaves obtuse or obtusely acuminate at apex.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Reticulation prominent and close aw botah the surfaces;leaves obtuse or obtusely acuminate at apex. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Schefflera stellata Harms
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets: Leaflets rounded or emarginate at apex,elliptic or obovate.
Description: Leaflets rounded or emarginate at apex,elliptic or obovate. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Schefflera venulosa Harms.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound
Leaf Lets:
Description: Reticulation very prominent;secondary nerves strong at narrow angle from midrib. Leaves compound

Scientific Name: Schefflera wallichiana Harms.
Leaf Type: compound
Leaf Apperance: Leaves compound.Leaves digitate or pinnately 3-foliolate.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Trees evergreen,unarmed.petiole sheathing at base. Reticulation obscure or not visible;secondary nerves slender at moderate angle from midrib. Leaves compound.Leaves digitate or pinnately 3-foliolate.

Scientific Name: Scutia myrtina Kurz.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate,
Leaf Apperance: leaves elliptic to obovate,emarginate to rounded or subacute at apex.`
Leaf Lets:
Description: Spines axillary;leaves elliptic to obovate,emarginate to rounded or subacute at apex.` Leaves less than5 cm long,elliptic,elliptic-ovate to obovate,acute to emarginate or rounded at apex. Leaves alternate.Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Sphenodesme paniculata DC.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate,(or)opposite.
Leaf Apperance: leaves ovate or elliptic,acute at apex.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Branches covered with agolden-brown tomentum;leaves ovate or elliptic,acute at apex. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Strychnos aenea A. W.Hill;
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves opposite.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Tendrils bifid. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Strychnos colubrina L.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves opposite.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Tendrils bifid. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Strychnos wallichiana Steud.ex DC. =S.cinnamomidolia Th.var.wightii A.w.Hill.
Leaf Type: simple.opposite.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves opposite.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Tendrils simple. Leaves opposite.

Scientific Name: Unona viridiflora Bedd.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves with adpressed simple hairs beneath.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves with adpressed simple hairs beneath. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Uvaria narum (Dunal)Wt.&Arn.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves stellately pubescent or glabrous.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves stellately pubescent or glabrous. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name: Uvaria zeylanica L.
Leaf Type: simple.alternate.
Leaf Apperance: Leaves stellately pubescent or glabrous.
Leaf Lets:
Description: Leaves stellately pubescent or glabrous. Leaves alternate.

Scientific Name:
Leaf Type:
Leaf Apperance:
Leaf Lets:
Description: