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Sahyadri ENews: LXXII
Human-Wildlife Conflict and Forest Fragmentation Linkages in Southern Western Ghats, India


1. Bharath, S. and Ramachandra, T.V., 2021. Modeling Landscape Dynamics of Policy Interventions in Karnataka State, India. Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis, 5(2), pp.1-23.

2. Binoy, V.V., Kurup, A. and Radhakrishna, S., 2021. The extinction of experience in a biodiversity hotspot: rural school children's knowledge of animals in the Western Ghats, India. Current Science (00113891), 121(2).

3. Gulati, S., Karanth, K.K., Le, N.A. and Noack, F., 2021. Human casualties are the dominant cost of human–wildlife conflict in India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(8).

4. Nair, R.P. and Jayson, E.A., 2021. Prediction of Potential Areas of Crop Damage by Wild Animals in Nilambur Forest Divisions, Southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (JBNHS), 118, pp.125-130.

5. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Vinay, S., 2021. Assessment of Forest Transitions and Regions of Conservation Importance in Udupi district, Karnataka. Indian Forester, 147(9), pp.834-847.

6. Ramachandra, T.V. and Bharath, S., 2021. Carbon Footprint of Karnataka: Accounting of Sources and Sinks. In Carbon Footprint Case Studies (pp. 53-92). Springer, Singapore.

7. Sherchan, R., Rai, R.K., Rai, R. and Dhakal, A., 2021. Designing a community-based insurance scheme to reduce human–wildlife conflict. Environment, Development and Sustainability, pp.1-19.

8. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Bharath, A.H., 2020. Insights of Forest Dynamics for the Regional Ecological Fragility Assessment. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 48(8), pp.1169-1189.

9. Ramachandra, T.V., Vinay, S., Bharath, S., Chandran, M.S. and Aithal, B.H., 2020. Insights into riverscape dynamics with the hydrological, ecological and social dimensions for water sustenance. Curr Sci, 118(9), pp.1379-1393.

10. Ramesh, T., Kalle, R., Milda, D., Gayathri, V., Thanikodi, M., Ashish, K. and Giordano, A.J., 2020. Patterns of livestock predation risk by large carnivores in India’s Eastern and Western Ghats. Global Ecology and Conservation, 24, p.e01366.

11. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Vinay, S., 2019. Visualisation of impacts due to the proposed developmental projects in the ecologically fragile regions-Kodagu district, Karnataka. Progress in Disaster Science, 3, p.100038.

12. Ramachandra, T.V. and Setturu, B., 2019. Sustainable management of Bannerghatta National Park, India, with the insights in land cover dynamics. FIIB Business Review, 8(2), pp.118-131.

13. Ramachandra, T.V. and Bharath, S., 2019. Global warming mitigation through carbon sequestrations in the Central Western Ghats. Remote Sensing in Earth Systems Sciences, 2(1), pp.39-63.

14. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S., Chandran, M.S. and Joshi, N.V., 2018. Salient Ecological Sensitive Regions of Central Western Ghats, India. Earth Systems and Environment, 2(1), pp.15-34.

15. Ramachandra, T.V., Vinay, S., Bharath, S. and Shashishankar, A., 2018. Focus: Ecology and Evolution: Eco-Hydrological Footprint of a River Basin in Western Ghats. The Yale journal of biology and medicine, 91(4), p.431.

16. Ramachandra, T.V. and Bharath, S., 2019. Carbon sequestration potential of the forest ecosystems in the Western Ghats, a global biodiversity hotspot. Natural Resources Research, pp.1-19.

17. Karanth, K.K., Gupta, S. and Vanamamalai, A., 2018. Compensation payments, procedures and policies towards human-wildlife conflict management: Insights from India. Biological Conservation, 227, pp.383-389.

18. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Gupta, N., 2018. Modelling landscape dynamics with LST in protected areas of Western Ghats, Karnataka. Journal of environmental management, 206, pp.1253-1262.

19. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S., Vinay, S., Tara, N.M., Subashchandran, M.D. and Joshi, N.V., 2018. Conservation and Sustainable Management of Local Hotspots of Biodiversity. In Geospatial Infrastructure, Applications and Technologies: India Case Studies (pp. 365-383). Springer, Singapore.

20. Ramachandra, T.V. and Bharath, S., 2018. Geoinformatics based Valuation of Forest Landscape Dynamics in Central Western Ghats, India. J Remote Sensing & GIS, 7(227), p.2.

21. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Vinay S., 2018. Geoinformatics based Valuation of Forest Landscape Dynamics in Central Western Ghats, India, Journal of Biodiversity, 9(1-2), pp.25-42.

22. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S., Rajan, K.S. and Chandran, M.D.S., 2017. Modelling the forest transition in Central Western Ghats, India. Spatial Information Research, 25(1), pp.117-130.

23. Ramachandra, T.V., Soman, D., Naik, A.D. and Chandran, M.D.S., 2017. Appraisal of Forest Ecosystems Goods and Services: Challenges and Opportunities for Conservation. Journal of Biodiversity, 8(1), pp.12-33.

24. Bharath, S., Ramachandra, T.V., 2016. Visualization of landscape dynamics in protected areas. In proceedings of 10th Biennial Lake Conference-2016, 28-31 December.

25. Nimish, G., Bharath, S., Ramachandra, T.V., 2016. Landscape dynamics in protected areas. In proceedings of 10th Biennial Lake Conference – 2016, 28-31 December.

26. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S., Rajan, K.S. and Chandran, M.S., 2016. Stimulus of developmental projects to landscape dynamics in Uttara Kannada, Central Western Ghats. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, 19(2), pp.175-193.

27. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Chandran, S., 2016. Geospatial analysis of forest fragmentation in Uttara Kannada District, India. Forest Ecosystems, 3(1), pp.1-15.

28. Ramachandra, T.V., Vinay, S., Bharath, H.A., Bharath, S., Shashishankar, A., 2016. Landscape Status and Hydrological Regime of Aghanashini River Basin. Proceedings of SWWEM – 2016 – International Conference and Exibition on Best Practices in Sustainable Water, Waste Water and Energy Management, At Bangalore, Volume: 1.

29. Ramachandra, T.V., Subash Chandran, M.D., Bharath, S., 2016. My Village Biodiversity: Documentation of Western Ghats Biodiversity through Network of Students and Teachers. Sahayadri Conservation series 61, ENVIS Technical Report 113, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

30. Ramachandra, T.V., Chandran M.D.S, Joshi, N.V., Rao, G.R., Vishnu, D.M., Sumesh D.N., Balachandran, C., Prakash M.N., Sreekanth, N., 2013. Floristic diversity in Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka State, Central Western Ghats. Sahyadri Conservation series 32, ENVIS Technical Report 62, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

31. Adhikari, A, Southworth J, 2012. Simulating forest cover changes of Bannerghatta National Park based on a CA-Markov model: a remote sensing approach Remote Sens., 4, 3215–3243.

32. Amarnath G, Murthy M.S.R, Britto S.J, Rajashekar G and Dutt C.B.S (2003), Diagnostic analysis of conservation zones using remote sensing and GIS techniques in wet evergreen forests of the Western Ghats – an ecological hotspot, Tamil Nadu, India. Biodiversity and Conservation 12, 2331–2359.

33. Anto, M., Jothish, P.S., Angala, M. and Anilkumar, C., 2018. Fruit predation and adaptive strategies of Garcinia imberti, an endangered species of southern western ghats. Current Science (00113891), 115(12).

34. Aravind, N.A., Tambat, B., Ravikanth, G., Ganeshaiah, K.N. and Shaanker, R.U., 2007. Patterns of species discovery in the Western Ghats, a megadiversity hot spot in India. Journal of biosciences, 32(4), pp.781-790.

35. Ashwin CA, Babu S, 2014. Drainage Analysis of Extended Area of Bannerghatta National Park Using GIS. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research. 9(2), 494-501.

36. Avik ray, Rajasri Ray, Ramachandra, T.V., 2016. Floral massing of Western Ghats. Sahayadri Conservation Series 61, ENVIS Technical Report 113, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore, India.

37. Balaguru, B., Nagamurugan, N., Natarajan, D. and Soosairaj, S., 2006. Identifying conservation priority zones for effective management of tropical forests in Eastern Ghats of India. Biodiversity & Conservation, 15(4), p.1529.

38. Basha S.K.M., Umamaheswari, P., Rajyalakshmi, E., Rambabu, M., Pullaiah, T., 2012. Medicinal Flora of Penusila Narasimha Sacred Grove, Eastern Ghats, Spsr Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2(2), 334-344.

39. Bharath, S., Rajan, K.S. and Ramachandra, T.V., 2016. Geo-visualisation of landscape dynamics in Sirsi and Haliyal forest divisions of Central Western Ghats. Proceedings of National Conference on Challenges of Civil Engineering Innovations (NCCCEI 2016), At Bangalore from 4-5 May; Sri Venkateshwara College of Engineering NH 7, Vidyanagar, Bengaluru International Airport Road, Bangalore, India.

40. Bharath, S., Rajan, K.S. and Ramachandra, T.V., 2014. Status and Future Transition of Rapid Urbanizing Landscape in Central Western Ghats-CA Based Approach. ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing & Spatial Information Sciences, 2(8).

41. Bhaskaran, N., Kannan, G., Sukumar, R., 2007. Southern India Elephant Census 2007. Final report to Karnataka Forest Department. Asian Elephant Research and Conservation Centre, Bangalore.

42. Biggs, R., Simons, H., Bakkenes, M., Scholes, R.J., Eickhout, B., van Vuuren, D. and Alkemade, R., 2008. Scenarios of biodiversity loss in southern Africa in the 21st century. Global Environmental Change, 18(2), pp.296-309.

43. Bose, R., Ramesh, B.R., Pélissier, R. and Munoz, F., 2019. Phylogenetic diversity in the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot reflects environmental filtering and past niche diversification of trees. Journal of Biogeography.

44. Clark, J.S., Carpenter, S.R., Barber, M., Collins, S., Dobson, A., Foley, J.A., Lodge, D.M., Pascual, M., Pielke, R., Pizer, W. and Pringle, C., 2001. Ecological forecasts: an emerging imperative. Science, 293(5530), pp.657-660.

45. Dharwadkar, S., Bednarski, C., Inman, D. and Mallapur, G., 2019. Malabar Tree Toad: Occurrence of Pedostibes tuberculosus from the Tillari, northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. ZOO'S PRINT, 34(1), pp.18-20.

46. GAJAH-Securing the Future for the Elephant in India, 2011. Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.

47. Gopalakrishna, S.P., Somashekar, R.K., Anand, V.J. and Varma, S., 2010. Asian Elephant and Bannerghatta National Park in Eastern Ghats, Southern India. Gajah, 33, pp.47-52.

48. Gokhale, Y., Velankar, R., Chandran, M.D.S. and Gadgil, M., 1997, December. Sacred woods, grasslands and waterbodies as self-organized systems of conservation in India. In Regional Workshop on the Role of Sacred Groves in Conservation and Management of Biological Diversity, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi(pp. 8-11).

49. Gore, R., Garad, K. and Gaikwad, S., 2014. Endemic flowering plants of northern Western Ghats (Sahyadri Ranges) of India: A checklist. Check List, 10, p.461.

50. Haines-Young, R. and Potschin, M., 2010. The links between biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being. Ecosystem Ecology: a new synthesis, 1, pp.110-139.

51. Hegde, N., Ziegler, R., Greiser, C. and Joosten, H., 2018. A preliminary assessment of landscape features and cultural practices of sacred fresh water swamps in the central Western Ghats, India. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 26(1), pp.49-61.

52. In just 30 years, India has lost large forests to 23, 716 industrial projects (2016) Available at: (Accessed: 6 February 2019).

53. Jeganathan, P., Mudappa, D., Raman, T.S. and Kumar, M.A., 2018. Understanding Perceptions of People Towards Lion-Tailed Macaques in a Fragmented Landscape of the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats, India. Primate Conservation, 32, p.11.

54. Joshi, P.P., Murthy, I.K., Hegde, G.T., Sathyanarayan, V., Bhat, S., Patil, V., Esteves, T. and Ravindranath, N.H., 2018. Biophysical quantification of biodiversity and ecosystems services of forest ecosystems in the Western Ghats: a case study of Uttara Kannada District, India. Journal of Forestry Research, 29(3), pp.735-748.

55. Kamusoko, C., Aniya, M., Adi, B. and Manjoro, M., 2009. Rural sustainability under threat in Zimbabwe–simulation of future land use/cover changes in the Bindura district based on the Markov-cellular automata model. Applied Geography, 29(3), pp.435-447.

56. Kanagavel, A., Parvathy, S., Nameer, P.O. and Raghavan, R., 2016. Conservation implications of wildlife utilization by indigenous communities in the southern Western Ghats of India. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 9(3), pp.271-279.

57. Krishnan, V., Kumar, M.A., Raghunathan, G. and Vijayakrishnan, S., 2019. Distribution and Habitat Use by Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in a Coffee-Dominated Landscape of Southern India. Tropical Conservation Science, 12, p.1940082918822599.

58. Kumar, P.N., Raj, M.B., Siddaramu, D., Nagaraja, B.C. and Somashekar, R.K., 2008. Forest genetic resources of Western Ghats: Status and Conservation. Environmental Science and Technology in India, p.106.

59. Kuriakose, G., Sinu, P.A. and Shivanna, K.R., 2019. Floral traits predict pollination syndrome in Syzygium species: a study on four endemic species of the Western Ghats, India. Australian Journal of Botany, 66(7), pp.575-582.

60. Mallegowda, P., Rengaian, G., Krishnan, J. and Niphadkar, M., 2015. Assessing habitat quality of forest-corridors through NDVI analysis in dry tropical forests of south India: Implications for conservation. Remote Sensing, 7(2), pp.1619-1639.

61. Manikandan, P. and Balasubramanian, P., 2018. Diversity and Composition of Woody Vegetation in a Riparian Forest of Western Ghats, Southern India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 44(1), pp.1-9.

62. Matthew, K.M., 1999. A report on the conservation status of south Indian plants. Biodiversity & Conservation, 8(6), pp.779-796.

63. Mesta, D.K. and Hegde, G.R., 2018. Forest evergreenness and tree endemism in the central Western Ghats, southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10(6), pp.11743-11752.

64. Miranda, A., Altamirano, A., Cayuela, L., Lara, A. and González, M., 2016. Native forest loss in the Chilean biodiversity hotspot: revealing the evidence. Regional Environmental Change, pp.1-13.

65. Mudappa, D., Prakash, N., Pawar, P., Srinivasan, K., Ram, M.S., Kittur, S. and Umapathy, G., 2018. First Record of Eurasian Otter Lutra Lutra in the Anamalai Hills, Southern Western Ghats, India. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin, 35(1).

66. Nameer, P.O., Molur, S. and Walker, S., 2001. Mammals of Western Ghats: A simplistic overview. Zoos’ Print Journal, 16(11), pp.629-639.

67. Naveenkumar, J. and Sundarapandian, S., 2018. Assessment of tree diversity in distinctive deciduous forests of Suruli falls, Southern Western Ghats. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(4), pp.1085-1093.

68. Ongole, S., Sankaran, M. and Karanth, K.K., 2018. Responses of aerial insectivorous bats to local and landscape-level features of coffee agroforestry systems in Western Ghats, India. PloS one, 13(8), p.e0201648.

69. Padmakumar, B., Sreekanth, N.P., Shanthiprabha, V., Paul, J., Sreedharan, K., Augustine, T., Jayasooryan, K.K., Rameshan, M., Mohan, M., Ramasamy, E.V. and Thomas, A.P., 2018. Tree biomass and carbon density estimation in the tropical dry forest of Southern Western Ghats, India. iForest-Biogeosciences and Forestry, 11(4), p.534.

70. Page, N.V. and Shanker, K., 2018. Environment and dispersal influence changes in species composition at different scales in woody plants of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Vegetation Science, 29(1), pp.74-83.

71. Phuge, S., Dinesh, K.P., Andhale, R., Bhakare, K. and Pandit, R., 2019. A new species of Fejervarya Bolkay, 1915 (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from the northern Western Ghats parts of Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa, 4544(2), pp.251-268.

72. Pramanik, M., Paudel, U., Mondal, B., Chakraborti, S. and Deb, P., 2018. Predicting climate change impacts on the distribution of the threatened Garcinia indica in the Western Ghats, India. Climate Risk Management, 19, pp.94-105.

73. Ragupathy, S., Newmaster, S.G., Murugesan, M. and Balasubramaniam, V., 2009. DNA barcoding discriminates a new cryptic grass species revealed in an ethnobotany study by the hill tribes of the Western Ghats in southern India. Molecular ecology resources, 9, pp.164-171.

74. Ramachandra, T.V., Bharath, S. and Bharath, A., 2014. Spatio-temporal dynamics along the terrain gradient of diverse landscape. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 22(1), pp.50-63.

75. Ramachandra, T.V., Krishnadas G., Bharath, S. and Kumar, U., 2012. Regional bioenergy planning for sustainability in Himachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Energy, Environment & Carbon Credits, 2(1), 13-49.

76. Ramachandra, T.V., Chandran, M.D.S., Bharath, S., Rao, G.R. and Vishnu D.M., 2014. Reclamation of Mine Regions at Bisgod: Approaches and Challenges, SahyadriConservation Series 43, ENVIS Technical Report 80, CES, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India

77. Ramachandra, T.V., Asulabha, K.S., Bharath, H.A., Bharath, S., Durga, M.M., Gouri K., Harish, R.B., Sincy, V., Sudarshan, P.B., Vinay, S. 2014. Environment Monitoring in the Neighbourhood, ENVIS Technical Report 77, Environmental Information System, CES, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012.

78. Ramachandra, T.V., Ganesh, H., Chandran M.D.S., Tejaswini, A.K. and Vishnumayananda Swamiji, 2015. SMART Ragihalli: Effort towards Self-reliant & Self-sufficient system empowering Man power (rural youth) with Appropriate Rural Technologies, ENVIS Technical Report 90, Energy & Wetlands Research Group, CES, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

79. Ramesh, B.R., Menon, S. and Bawa, K.S., 1997. A vegetation based approach to biodiversity gap analysis in the Agastyamalai region, Western Ghats, India. Ambio, pp.529-536.

80. Rawat, G.S., 1997. Conservation status of forests and wildlife in the Eastern Ghats, India. Environmental Conservation, 24(4), pp.307-15.

81. Ray, R., Ramachandra, T.V. and Ray, A., 2018. Phylogeography of a rare and endemic tree of Western Ghats reveals its ice age dynamics. PeerJ Preprints, 6, p.e27043v1.

82. Safriel, U.N., 2007. The assessment of global trends in land degradation. Climate and Land Degradation. Springer, pp.1-38.

83. Sarvalingam, A. and Rajendran, A., 2016. Rare, endangered and threatened (RET) climbers of southern western Ghats, India. Revista chilena de historia natural, 89(1), p.9.

84. Singh JS, Kushwaha SPS, 2008. Forest biodiversity and its conservation in India, International Forestry Review, 10(2): 292-304.

85. Slootweg, R., Rajvanshi, A., Mathur, V.B. and Kolhoff, A., 2009. Biodiversity in environmental assessment: enhancing ecosystem services for human well-being. Cambridge University Press.

86. Srinivasaiah, N.M., Anand, V.D., Vaidyanathan, S. and Sinha, A., 2012. Usual populations, unusual individuals: insights into the behavior and management of Asian elephants in fragmented landscapes. PloS one, 7(8), p.e42571.

87. Varma, S., Anand, V.D., Gopalakrishna, S.P., Avinash, K.G. and Nishant, M.S., 2009. Ecology, Conservation and Management of the Asian Elephant in Bannerghatta National Park, southern India. A Rocha India/ANCF: Asian Elephant Ecology and Conservation Reference Series No.1. A Rocha India and Asian Nature Conservation Foundation, Bangalore.

88. Vinay, S., Vishnu, D.M., Shrikanth, N., Chandran, M.D.S., Bharath, S., Shashishankar, A. and Ramachandra, T.V., 2017. Landscapes and hydrological regime linkages: case study of Chandiholé, Aghanashini. National Seminar for Research Scholars. Bangalore, India.

89. Vinay, S., Bharath, S., Bharath, H.A., Ramachandra T.V., 2013. Hydrologic Model with Landscape Dynamics for Drought Monitoring, In proceeding of: Joint International Workshop of ISPRS WG VIII/1 and WG IV/4 on Geospatial Data for Disaster and Risk Reduction, Hyderabad, November 21–22.

90. Zaitsev, A.S., Gongalsky, K.B., Malmström, A., Persson, T. and Bengtsson, J., 2016. Why are forest fires generally neglected in soil fauna research? A mini-review. Applied soil ecology, 98, pp.261-271.
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