Annex 7a - Waste types according to the specimen classification scheme

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Batstone, R., Smith, J.E., Wilson, D. (ed.):

The Safe Disposal of Hazardous Wastes, The Special Needs and Problems of Developing Countries, Vol. I, II, III; World Bank Technical Paper Number 93. A joint study sponsored by the World Bank, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), Washington D.C., 1989.

I INORGANIC WASTE

ACIDS AND ALKALIS

Waste streams

Industry/process

Industry groups

Acids    
Sulphuric acid
Pickles containing iron
Acid solvents
Nitric acid
Chromic acid
Stainless steel cleaning products
Acid sludge
Reagents
Electroplating
Steel pickling
Metal finishing
Organic synthesis
Electrolytic oxidation
Metal surface treatment
Coking
Pesticide manufacture

D
D
D
F
D
D
C
F

Alkalis    
Alkaline detergents
Corrosive liquids containing ammoniaPickling baths
Wastes containing ammonia
Pickling sludges
Pickling
Sludges containing ammonia
Metal degreasing
Electrical engineering
Metal finishing
Copying shops, chemical synthesis
Oil, re-refining
Oil, refining
Coking/gas works

D
G
D
F/L
F
C
C

Wastes containing cyanide    
Untreated rinsing water
Electroplating process solvents
Heat treatment waste
Concentrates and semi-concentrates
Electroplating
Steel production
Hydrometallurgy
Chemical synthesis
Spraying(pest control)

D
D
D
D
F
L

Heavy metal sludges and solutions containing heavy metals    
Lead sludges
Wastewater treatment sludge from mercury cell process, brine cleaning, mercury cell process
Wastewater treatment sludges
Surface treatment
Cleaning sludges
Acid plant
Process sludges from electrolysis
- cadmium residues
- lye residues
- lead sludges
- other sludges
Briny sludges from acid plants
Wastewater treatment/sewage sludges
Pickling
Zinc and other heavy metal sludges
Filter dusts
Pickles and sludges
Chlorine production


Chrome dyes
Wood storage (1)
Lead smelting process (2)
Lead smelting process (3)
Zinc production



Battery production
Tin plate mill
Electroplating works
Copper production (2)

Copper production
Textile industry
Steel production
Steel finishing

F


F
H
D
D
D



G
D
D
D

D
H

D
D

Untreated wastewater and wastewater treatment sludges
Mixed metal sludges

Waste sludges
Reagents
Asbestos dust

Pipe cleaning and insulation materials

Compounds containing asbestos
Explosives manufacture

Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar products
Photographic process
Electrical industry
Preparation and process technology for asbestos
Power station, industrial manufacture, gas works, ports, hospitals and schools
Chlorine production

F
F
F

F
G
E

F

Solid residues (n.f.s.)    
Filter dusts
Dusts and sludges




Waste sands
Filter dusts
Draught furnace slag
Old catalysts
Solid residues
Wastes containing carbon

Scrap batteries
Iron oxides
Steel production
Ferromanganese furnace
Silicon manganese electric furnace
Ferrochromium electric furnace
Iron and steel smelting
Iron and steel smelting
Lead smelting process (3)
Copper smelting process (3)
Chemical synthesis
Rubber production
Manufacture sulphuric acid, chemical synthesis
Different sources
Gas cleaning/coking

D
D
D

D
D
D
D
D
F
F
F

Various
C

Notes:

(1) When using chromated copper arsenates
(2) Primary mat.
(3) Secondary mat.

n.f.s. not further specified

II WASTE CONTAINING OIL

Waste streams

Industry/process

Industry groups

Used oils

Contaminated benzine oils
Compressor condensates
Grit chamber residues



Sludges containing oil,
containing cyanide
Sludges containing oil


Sludges containing oil
Pickling sludges
Drilling and cutting oils
Used fruit oil
Car workshops, filling stations, textiles
Oil tanks and containers
Compressors
Manufacture of decomposition materials,
Chemical synthesis
Grit chamber, vessels
Surface treatment of metals

Oil production/cleaning
Mining
Petroleum refining
Coking plant and gas works
Re-refining of oils
Metal processing
Manufacture of fruit oils

G/L
H
Various
Various
E

F
Various
G

F
C
C
C
F
G
A

 

III ORGANIC WASTE

ORGANIC CHEMICAL RESIDUES (N.F.S.)

Waste streams

Industry/process

Industry groups

Halogenated substances1) Propylene oxide/propylene glycol
Ether and aldehyde
Isocyanate
Alkalised bromide
Dye intermediates and dyes
Pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals
Plastic and rubber
Diazo process intermediate
products
Epoxide and phenol resin
Product research
Chlorocarbon

F
F
F
F
F

F
F

F
F
F
F

Source: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. 1979. Halogenated Organic Wastes, Waste Management Paper No. 15, Annex 2, London. - adapted-.

1) no precise substance description has been given because of the large number of substances.

n.f.s. not further specified

III ORGANIC WASTE ORGANIC CHEMICAL RESIDUES (N.F.S.)

Waste streams

Industry/process

Industry groups

Non-halogenated substances1)
Oil refining
Petroleum refining
Organic substances from chemicals production
Chemicals production
Dyes and intermediate products (manufacture)
Production of raw chemicals
Petrochemicals (manufacturer)
Pharmaceuticals (manufacture)
Fine chemicals (manufacture)
Chemical fibres manufacture
Lubricants, additives (manufacture)
Aluminium smelting process
Plastic fabrication
Plastic (manufacture)
Town/gas works
Phenol production
Toluol diisocyanate (production)

C
C
F

F
F

F
F

F
F
F
D

F
F
C
C
F
F

Source: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. 1977. Tarry and Distillation Wastes and Other Chemical-Based Residues, Waste Management Paper No. 13, Annex 3. London. - adapted -.

1) no precise substance description has been given because of the large number of substances.

n.f.s. not further specified.

 

III ORGANIC WASTE ORGANIC CHEMICAL RESIDUES (N.F.S.)1)

Waste streams

Industry/process

Industry groups

  Dry cleaning
Textiles and leather
Metal cleaning
Colour staining
Industrial and domestic cleaning
Chemical synthesis
Bonding agents (manufacture)
Automobiles (manufacture)
Cleaning products and polishes
Mechanical engineering
Raw materials industry (essential oils, etc.) flavourings, essences, perfume, cosmetics and health care products (manufacture)
Maintenance and repair of vehicles, including road, railway and air traffic
Leather industry
Wood industry, preservatives
Photographic industry
Printing industry
Shipyards and shipbuilding
Wheel (manufacture)

L
H
G
L
L

F
F
G
F

G
F




G

H
H
J
J
G

Source: Adapted from Department of the Environment. 1977. Waste Management Paper No. 14, Annex 1. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

1) no precise substance description has been given because of the large number of substances.

n.f.s. not further specified.

POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL WASTE

Waste streams

Industry/process

Industry groups

Solid and liquid waste
Dielectric liquid and solid waste
Dielectric liquid and solid waste
Hydraulic fluids

Heat transmission fluids
Plastic residues
Manufacture of PCBs
Transformer residues

Condenser residues

Mining equipment, aircraftchemical industry
Chemical process technology
Production process of plastics manufacture

F
G

G

G
F
F
F

III ORGANIC WASTE

BIOCIDE WASTE      
Chemical classes Waste types Industry/process Industry groups
Insecticides Bottom residues Biocide manufacture F
Organo-phosphorus Filter media Biocide formulators F
Compound Separation products Packaging industry F
Organo-chlorine Packaging Importers F
Compound Clothing Wholesalers F
Carbamate Treatment domestic wastewater sludges Distributors/Retail trade F
Herbicides      
Phenols      
Phenoxy acid Incident drainage    
Substituted urea Cleaning    
Triazines      
Benzoic acid      
Dinitroanilines Empty containers Use in agriculture A
Anilides Unused products Domestic use (animal care) A
Other Accidents Use in horticulture A
Fungicides   Industrial uses  
    Wood preservation H
Dithiocarbamates   Dyes industry F
Phtalimides   Paper industry I
    Textile industry H
    Electrical cables G
    Tobacco A
    Adhesives F
    Building industry E
    Use in the public sector L
    Uses in the home and garden sphere L

 

BIOCIDE WASTE

Waste streams Industry/Process Industry groups
Varnishing residues Varnishing works G/H
Old varnishes Painting/varnishing shops (trade) G/H
Old paints Painting/varnishing works G/H
Varnishing sludges    
Paint residues Manufacture of paints F
Printing ink residues Manufacture of printing inks F
  Printing works J
Resin residues Plastics production F
  Manufacture of paints F
  Manufacture of synthetic resins F
Resin oil residues   F
  Manufacture of resin H
Paint residues Manufacture of paint F

(1) Normally the waste contains a mixture of aliphatic solvents, resins and sometimes also heavy metals

IV PUTREFACTIVE ORGANIC WASTE

Decomposed vegetable oils Production of edible oil A
  Production of edible fat A
Special oil residues Production of pharmaceuticals F
  Production of health care articles F
Animal waste; including blood, faeces and intestines Abattoir A
  Meat production A
  Fish farming A
Poultry waste Poultry farming A
Fish waste Fish farming A
Animal corpses/skeletons Stock farming A
  Pharmaceuticals industry F
Skin, glues Tannery and fleece industry H
Meat residues    
Tannery sludges    
Sludges and animal remains Intestine contents A
Cooking remains, kitchen waste Processing of animal products A

V Mass waste with relatively low hazard potential

Waste streams Industry/process Industry
Drilling sludges Petroleum/gas production C
Fly ash Power station cleaning C
Materials from mining Mineral production B
Contaminated soil Various Various
Flue gas desulphurisation residues Power station cleaning C
Phosphorus gypsum sludges Fertiliser production F
Titanium dioxide sludges Dye production F

VI Special wastes

Waste streams Industry/process Industry groups
INFECTIOUS WASTE    
     
Special types of waste Stock farming A
  Resulting from veterinary quarantine K
Pathogenic waste with communicable germs Health institutions K
Animal and human tissue Microbiology laboratories K
  Hospitals K
  Biotechnology industry K
  Microbiology industry K
Garments Hospitals K
  Institutions K
Disposable materials(hospital waste)    
LABORATORY WASTE    
Waste pharmaceuticals Pharmacists L
Laboratory chemical Manufacture of drugs/fine chemicals F
residues Research institutions Various
  Chemistry laboratories Various
EXPLOSIVE WASTE    
Armaments waste Armaments F/G
TNT, azide Explosives manufacture F
Nitrate of organic chemical waste Chemical synthesis F

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