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Continued

N-oxides

Nitrogen oxides

Naphthalene

Naphthalene

1-Naphthalenyl-methylcarbamate

Carbaryl

1-Naphthyl-methylcarbamate

Carbaryl

NCI-CO4626

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Nema

Tetrachloroethene

Neocid

DDT

Neocidol

DDT

Nickel

Nickel

Nickel catalyst

Nickel

Nickel tetracarbonyl

Nickel

Nickel(II) chloride (hexahydrate)

Nickel

Nitrate

Nitrate

Nitrogen dioxide

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen monoxide

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen oxide

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen peroxide

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen(II)oxide

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen(IV)oxide

Nitrogen oxides

Nitrous gases

Nitrogen oxides

NOx

Nitrogen oxides

Nuvan

Dichlorvos

1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-Octachloro-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,7-endo-methanoindane

Chlordane

Octalen

Aldrin

Octalox

Dieldrin

Oxirane

Epichlorohydrin

Oxomethane

Formaldehyde

Oxybenzene

Phenol

Oxymethylene

Formaldehyde

Ozone

Ozone

p,p’-Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

DDT

PAH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Panam

Carbaryl

Paraquat

Paraquat

Parathion

Parathion

Parathion-ethyl

Parathion

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyls

PCDD

Dioxins

PCDD/F

Dioxins

PCDF

Dioxins

PCN

Chlorinated naphthalenes

PCP

Chlorophenols

Penchlorol

Chlorophenols

Penta

Chlorophenols

2,3,4,5,6-Pentachlorophenol

Chlorophenols

Pentachlorophenol

Chlorophenols

Pentacon

Chlorophenols

Pentakil

Chlorophenols

PER

Tetrachloroethene

Peran

Tetrachloroethene

Perawin

Tetrachloroethene

Perc

Tetrachloroethene

Perchloroethene

Tetrachloroethene

Perclone

Tetrachloroethene

Perm-a-chlor

Trichloroethene

Phene

Benzene

Phenic acid

Phenol

Phenoclor

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Phenol

Phenol

Phenyl acid

Phenol

Phenyl hydrate acid

Phenol

Phenyl hydroxide

Phenol

Phenylmethane

Toluene

Plumbum

Lead and its inorganic compounds

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins

Dioxins

Polychlorinated dibenzofurans

Dioxins

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

2-Propenal

Acrolein

Propenal

Acrolein

Pyralene

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Pyranol

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Pyridine

Pyridine

Pyridinum

Pyridine

Pyroclor

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Quicksilver

Mercury

R20

Chloroform

Raney nickel

Nickel

Sandovac

Formaldehyde

Santophen20

Chlorophenols

Seedrin

Aldrin

Serpentine asbestos

Asbestos

Sevidol and many others

Carbaryl

Sevin

Carbaryl

Sirius 2

Tetrachloroethene

Sodium dichromate (dihydrate)

Chromium

Solvethane

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Sontobrite

Chlorophenols

Sovtol

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Stibine

Antimony

Sulphur dioxide

Sulphur dioxide

Sulphur oxide

Sulphur dioxide

Sulphur(IV)oxide

Sulphur dioxide

Sulphuretted hydrogen

Hydrogen sulphide

Sulphurous acid anhydride

Sulphur dioxide

Sulphurous anhydride

Sulphur dioxide

Superslysoform

Formaldehyde

2,4,5-T

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid

(T-4) Nickel carbonyl

Nickel

Tannosynt

Formaldehyde

Tar camphor

Naphthalene

2,3,7,8-TCDD

Dioxins

TEL

Lead compounds - organic

Telclair X 31

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Terabol

Methyl bromide

Terraklene

Paraquat

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-1,4-dioxin

Dioxins

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

Dioxins

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethene

Tetrachloroethene

Tetrachloroethene

Tetrachloroethene

Tetraethyl plumbum

Lead compounds - organic

Tetraethyllead

Lead compounds - organic

Tetralex

Tetrachloroethene

Tetralina

Tetrachloroethene

Tetramethyllead

Lead compounds - organic

Tetramethylplumbum

Lead compounds - organic

Thallium

Thallium

Thiodan

Endosulfan

Thiofor

Endosulfan

TML

Lead compounds - organic

Toluene

Toluene

Tremolite

Asbestos

1,1,1-Tri

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Tri

Trichloroethene

Triasol

Trichloroethene

Trichloran

Trichloroethene

1,1,1-Trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane

DDT

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Trichloroethene

Trichloroethene

Trichloromethane

Chloroform

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid

2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid

Triclene

Trichloroethene

Tricresol

Cresols

Triethane

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Trimar

Trichloroethene

Trioxygen

Ozone

TT

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Vanadic acid anhydride

Vanadium

Vanadic anhydride

Vanadium

Vanadium pentaoxide

Vanadium

Vanadium pentoxide

Vanadium

Vanadium(V)oxide

Vanadium

Vapona

Dichlorvos

VC

Vinyl chloride

VCM

Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride

Vitran

Trichloroethene

Vobaderin

Formaldehyde

Vythene C

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Wacker 3X1

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

Weedol

Paraquat

Weedone

Chlorophenols

White arsenic

Arsenic

Witherite

Barium

Zerdane

DDT

Zinc

Zinc

Zinc clippings

Zinc

Zinc dust

Zinc

Zinc folings

Zinc

Zinc powder

Zinc

5.4.3 Explanatory notes (description of content of information sheets)

SUBSTANCE DESIGNATION

CAS No.: Chemical Abstract Service Registry number

Registry name: Name according to common usage. Mainly for pesticides, these designations have become common practice.

Chemical name: Name according to chemical systematics (generally acc. to IUPAC)

Synonyms, Tradenames: Additional common and chemical names which are used less frequently and names given by major manufacturers to their proprietary products.

Chemical name (German): Generally the systematic name in German

Chemical name (French): Generally the systematic name in French

Appearance: Properties which may be perceived at first sight such as colour, physical state and odour

Basic chemical and physical data

This section contains an outline of the most important chemical and physical data of the treated substance. For groups of substances, data are given on typical compounds. The data refer to room temperature (20C / 293.15 K) and normal pressure (1.013 bar / 1.013 x 105 Pa) if not indicated otherwise.

The following chemicophysical data are given for each of the treated substances:

Empirical formula / Chemical symbol:
Rel. molecular mass: / Rel. atomic weight:
Density:
Relative gas density:
Boiling point:
Melting point:
Vapour pressure:
Flash point:
Ignition temperature:
Explosion limits:
Odour threshold:
Solvolysis/solubility:
Conversions factors:

Temperature units:

 

C

K

F

C

TC

TC+273.15

(9/5)TC+32

K

TK-273.15

TK

(9/5)TK-459.67

F

(5/9)(TF-32)

(5/9)(TF+459.67)

TF

Notes:

C Degree Celsius
TC Temperature in degree Celsius
K Degree Kelvin
TK Temperature in degree Kelvin
F Degree Fahrenheit
TF Temperature in degree Fahrenheit

Pressure units:

bar

Pa

N/mm2

kp/mm2

at

kp/m2

Torr

atm

lbf/in2

lbf/ft2

1

105

0.1

0.0102

1.0197

10197

750.06

0.9869

14.5037

20886

Notes:

1 kP/m2 = 1 mm water column
1 Torr = 1 mm Hg

Decimal parts and multiples of SI units:

Prefix

Pico

Nano

Micro

Milli

Centi

Deci

Deca

Hecto

Kilo

Mega

Giga

Symbol

p

n

m

m

c

d

da

h

k

M

G

Decimal power

-12

-9

-6

-3

-2

-1

1

2

3

6

9

ORIGIN AND USE

This information block contains

- Usage
- Origin and derivation
- Production and emissions

Whereas there is usually clear-cut information available on the first two items, this is not the case for the latter. Data on production and emissions are mostly estimates and computations.

Toxicity

The toxicity data are the results of various tests. Although both the methods and the boundary conditions of these tests may vary significantly, they are usually not specified in the pertinent literature. Thus, a comparison of the data is generally impossible. An assessment of the toxicity of a substance is rendered even more difficult as the tests have been carried out with various animals, concentrations, methodology and times of exposure.

The toxicological data provided have been selected from the numerous values available for certain substances with a view to achieve comparability.

Characteristic effects:

A brief description is given of important findings usually from the field of human medicine. In most cases they are the result of workplace exposure and not always epidemiological. The results of animal experiments are included for better understanding of the characteristic effects. Generally speaking, these are the only points of reference on the potential hazard of these substances to humans and other higher organisms.

ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOUR

The occurrence of substances and the environmental behaviour are reported for the following environmental components:

• Water
• Soil
• Air.

Because of the close links between the individual ecosystems, such a classification is merely formal. The brief description of the most important environmental media affected by a substance should not lead readers to ignore the exchange of substances between the various compartments. The data provided are intended to permit a rough estimate of the potential hazard of the substances in the respective areas. Certain variables such as accumulation and adsorption coefficients which are seldom incorporated into an environmental impact assessment, have deliberately not been included. If necessary, they can be taken from the literature cited.

ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS

Medium/acceptor Sector Country/organ. Status Value Cat. Remarks Source

In this section, a list of the substance-related laws, guidelines and recommendations is given from a wide range of countries, organisations and institutes. They have been arranged in tabular form according to environmental media and sectors in order to permit a direct comparison of identical or similar stipulations. In addition to the differences between the assessments of the chemical hazard, the special demands and prerequisites linked to individual regulations have to be considered.

Problems have frequently been encountered when assessing the status of laws and recommendations. Thus, five categories have been used:

L = Limit value set by law

(L) = Limit value suspected to be set by law

G = Guideline or recommendation from a government or non-governmental organisation

(G)

= Recommendation from a group of experts whose status has not been generally accepted as a national guideline yet
= There is no entry when the reported value cannot be assigned to any of the above categories.

Whenever there was any doubt on the status of a given value or its practical implementation, the next step down the scale was chosen. Thus, e.g. the American TWA/STEL values and the Russian PdK values are classed as (L). The column "Cat." (= Category) has only been filled in if it has been possible to clearly attribute the data to a comprehensive piece of legislation in the country concerned (TWA, PdK, MAK, MIK etc.). The column "Remarks" features a more detailed description of the reference to enhance comparability.

Comparison/reference values

Medium/origin Country Value Source

The data listed are intended to facilitate evaluation by way of comparison of comprehensible factors or situations at known locations. Whenever possible, the selection also includes extreme values to give an impression of the spectrum of data found in the literature.

The source reference "acc." indicates a secondary source (e.g. acc. UBA).

Assessment/comments

A brief text outlines the aspects to be considered for risk assessment. In certain cases, reference is made to special properties to be observed when handling and using the substance. However, these comments should not be taken as a summary of the information sheet.


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