Economic Disparity and CO2 Emissions: the Domestic Energy Sector in Greater Bangalore, India
1Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Center for Ecological Sciences [CES],
2Center for Ecological Sciences [CES],
3 Centre for infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning [CiSTUP]
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560 012, India,
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4 Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC 3010 Australia E


Energy consumption constitutes one of the important sources of carbon dioxide emission which cause global warming. This paper analyses greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to energy consumption in the domestic sector considering household activities and socioeconomic parameters. A stratified random survey of 1967 households in Bangalore pertaining to the energy consumption reveals that annual per capita electricity consumption ranges from 9.64 to 2337 kWh/year with an average of 336 ±267 kWh/year. Emission from most of the wards (66 wards) is about 10 to 15 Gg/year, while wards in peri-urban areas emit less than 10 Gg/year. Extrapolation of these, show that total carbon dioxide from all wards of Greater Bangalore accounts to 3350 Gg/Year. The energy consumption analyses reveal a proportional increase in the per capita energy consumption with the family income suggesting that economic levels in respective wards is an important parameter in the domestic energy consumption and also GHG emissions.  Suggested interventions through large scale penetration of renewable sources of energy and energy conservation would help in reducing greenhouse gases and consequent warming of the Earth.

Keywords: Electricity consumption, Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, Spatial patterns, Socioeconomic, Bangalore


Citation : T.V. Ramachandra, Vishnu Bajpai, Gouri Kulkarni, Bharath H. Aithal, Sun Sheng Han, (2017). Economic Disparity and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Domestic Energy Sector in Greater Bangalore, India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 67(2017): 1331–1344.
* Corresponding Author :
Dr. T.V. Ramachandra
Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, India.
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