© COSMAR 09,
Indian Institute of Science

Study Area and Data
Analysis and Results

PowerPoint Presentation

Fusion of multi resolution remote sensing data for urban sprawl analysis
Bharath H. Aithal 1              Uttam Kumar 2              Ramachandra. T. V 3,*

1 Bharath H. Aithal, Research scholar, Centre for Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
E-mail: bharath@ces.iisc.ernet.in

2 Uttam Kumar, Research scholar, Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
E-mail: uttam@ces.iisc.ernet.in

3 Ramachandra. T. V, Faculty, Centre for Ecological Sciences and Associate Faculty, Centre for Sustainable Technologies, and Centre for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
E-mail: cestvr@ces.iisc.ernet.in, energy@ces.iisc.ernet.in,
Tel: 91-80-23600985/22932506/ 22933099, Fax: 91-80-23601428 [CES-TVR].
* Corresponding Author: cestvr@cistup.iisc.ernet.in

Citation: Bharath H. Aithal, Uttam Kumar and Ramachandra. T.V, 2009. Fusion of multi resolution remote sensing data for urban sprawl analysis, © COSMAR 09, Indian Institute of Science.


Urban population is growing at around 2.3 percent per annum in India. This is leading to urbanisation and often fuelling the dispersed development in the outskirts of urban and village centres with impacts such as loss of agricultural land, open space, and ecologically sensitive habitats. This type of upsurge is very much prevalent and persistent in most places, often inferred as sprawl. The direct implication of such urban sprawl is the change in land use and land cover of the region and lack of basic amenities, since planners are unable to visualise this type of growth patterns. This growth is normally left out in all government surveys (even in national population census), as this cannot be grouped under either urban or rural centre. The investigation of patterns of growth is very crucial from regional planning point of view to provide basic amenities in the region. The growth patterns of urban sprawl can be analysed and understood with the availability of temporal multi-sensor, multi-resolution spatial data. In order to optimise these spectral and spatial resolutions, image fusion techniques are required. This aids in integrating a lower spatial resolution multispectral (MSS) image (for example, IKONOS MSS bands of 4m spatial resolution) with a higher spatial resolution panchromatic (PAN) image (IKONOS PAN band of 1m spatial resolution) based on a simple spectral preservation fusion technique - the Smoothing Filter-based Intensity Modulation (SFIM). Spatial details are modulated to a co-registered lower resolution MSS image without altering its spectral properties and contrast by using a ratio between a higher resolution image and its low pass filtered (smoothing filter) image. The visual evaluation and statistical analysis confirms that SFIM is a superior fusion technique for improving spatial detail of MSS images with the preservation of spectral properties.

Keywords: urbanisation, sprawl, resolution, image fusion, SFIM

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