Energy Intensity Trends in Karnataka State, India: Need for the Environmentally Sound Alternatives?
T. V. Ramachandra *
Energy Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.


The present energy situation in Karnataka state, India is plagued with constant power cuts, fuelwood scarcity and demands for strategic and integrated planning with emphasis on renewable resources and improvement of enduse efficiency. This paper discusses the energy consumption pattern in Karnataka and compares with 56 countries across the globe to explore the level of energy consumption and efficiency. Energy intensity (energy consumption per GDP) and GDP per capita data reveals that India and Karnataka state have high energy intensities compared to other developed industrialised countries. This clearly shows that Karnataka state and India have good potential in energy conservation.


*Corresponding Author :
  Dr. T.V. Ramachandra
Energy & Wetlands Research Group,
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, INDIA.
  Tel : 91-80-23600985 / 22932506 / 22933099,
Fax : 91-80-23601428 / 23600085 / 23600683 [CES-TVR]
E-mail :,,
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