Landscape Dynamics through Spatial Metrics
1 Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, 2 Centre for Sustainable Technologies (astra),
3 Centre for infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning [CiSTUP]
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, India


The study shows that Bangalore is rapidly expanding with a significant increase in built-up area i.e., 28.7% and decrease in open space (water bodies and vegetation). This study also identifies the potential utility of common landscape metrics in the identification of the spatio–temporal pattern of landuse change in response to the process of urbanization.The results substantiate the utility of spatial metrics for metropolitan land use planning. The study concludes that urban patches in Bangalore are clumped together near the urban center, but fragmented towards the periphery due to new urban patches developed at the edge.Shannon’s entropy and landscape metrics have been computed which helped in understanding the form of urban sprawl and its spatial pattern. Urban sprawl is taking place continuously at a faster rate in outer areas, bringing more area under built-up category as revealed by metrics (dispersed growth). Shannon entropy is indicating the increase in the value from 1973 to 2010 and reaching towards the critical (reference) value showing the most prominent growth in the urban area.  Current research results can be further be improved in detail by incorporating ecological, social, political, and economic factors with higher resolution data.  This Analysis suggest that there has to be a planned growth and must be monitored and maintained, which will help in avoiding unplanned upsurge in the outskirts.

Citation: Bharath Setturu, Bharath H. Aithal, Sanna Durgappa D and T. V. Ramachandra, 2012. Landscape Dynamics through Spatial Metrics., Proceedings of 14th Annual international conference and exhibition on Geospatial Information Technology and Applications, India Geospatial Forum, 7-9 February 2012, Gurgaon, India.
* Corresponding Author :
  Dr. T.V. Ramachandra
Energy & Wetlands Research Group,
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, INDIA.
Tel : 91-80-23600985 / 22932506 / 22933099,    Fax : 91-80-23601428 / 23600085 / 23600683 [CES-TVR]
E-mail :,,    Web :
E-mail    |    Sahyadri    |    ENVIS    |    GRASS    |    ENERGY    |    CES    |    CST    |    CiSTUP    |    IISc    |    E-mail