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Urbanisation and Urban Sprawl

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 Agarwal P., 2000. GIS in cultural resource management in historical urban centres. GISdevelopment, Vol. 4(11): pp. 34.

Alberti M., Booth D., Hill K., Marzluff J., 1999. The impact of urban patterns on ecosystem dynamics. Urban Research Initiative, National Science Foundation (NSF) PROPOSAL 1999-2002. University of Washington, Seattle.

Barnes K. B., Morgan III J. M., Roberge M C., and Lowe S, 2001. Sprawl development: Its patterns, consequences, and measurement. Towson University.


Batty M., Xie Y., and Sun Z., 1999. The dynamics of urban sprawl. Working Paper Series, Paper 15, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London.


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Civco, D. L., Hurd, J. D., Wilson, E. H., Arnold, C. L., and Prisloe, M., 2002. Quantifying and describing Urbanising Landscapes in the Northeast United States. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 68(10), pp. 1083 - 1090.

Claramunt, C. and Jiang, B., 2001. An integrated representation of spatial and temporal relationships between evolving regions. Journal of Geographic Systems, Vol. 3, pp. 411 - 428.

Clarke K. C., Hoppen S., and Gaydos L., 1996.  Methods and techniques for rigorous calibration of a cellular automation model of urban growth. Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, Santa Fe, New Mexico, January 21-25, 1996.

DeMers M. N., 2002. GIS modeling in raster. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, USA.

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Epstein, J., Payne, K., and Kramer, E., 2002. Techniques for mapping suburban sprawl. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 63(9): pp 913 - 918.

Ferda, K., 1993. GIS and environmental modeling. In: Goodchild, M. F., Parks, B. O., and Steyeart, L. T. (Editors), Environmental modeling with GIS. Oxford University Press, pp. 35 - 50.

Fischer, M. M., 2002. Learning in neural spatial interaction models: A statistical perspective. Journal of Geographic Systems, Vol. 4, pp. 287 - 299.

Foody, G. M., 2001. Thematic mapping from remotely sensed data with neural networks: MLP, RBF, PNN based approaches. Journal of Geographical Systems, 2001(3), pp. 217 -232.

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Hurd, J. D., Wilson, E. H., Lammey, S. G., and Civco, D. L., 2001. Characterisation of forest fragmentation and urban sprawl using time sequential Landsat Imagery. Proceedings, ASPRS Annual Convention, St. Louis, MO. April 23-27, 2001.


ICIMOD, 1999. Integration of GIS, remote sensing and ecological methods for biodiversity inventory and assessment. In Issues in Mountain Development.

Jothimani, P. 1997. Operational urban sprawl monitoring using satellite remote sensing: excerpts from the studies of Ahmedabad, Vadodara and Surat, India. Paper presented at 18th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing held during October 20-24, 1997 in Malaysia.

Lata K. M., Sankar Rao C. H., Krishna Prasad V., Badrinath K. V. S., and Raghavaswamy, 2001. Measuring urban sprawl: a case study of Hyderabad. GISdevelopment, Vol. 5(12).

Lillesand T. M. and Kiefer R. W., 1996. "Remote Sensing and Image interpretation" John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 3rd Edition, pp. 1.

Lo, C. P., and Yang, X., 2002. Drivers of land-use /land-cover changes and dynamic modeling for the Atlanta, Georgia Metropolitan Area. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 68(10), pp. 1073 - 1062.

Michael, F. B., and Gabriela, M. A., 1996. Remote sensing and geographic information systems. Hydrological Sciences, Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, Vol. 41(4): pp 593 - 607. 

Murphy, D.L., 1985. Estimating neighbourhood variability with a binary comparison matrix. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 51(6), pp. 667-674.

NAUTILUS, 2001. Characterisation of Urban Sprawl.


Pontius Jr, R. G., Claessens, L., Hopkinson Jr, C., Marzouk, A., Rastetter, E. B., Schneider, L. C., and Vallino, J., 2000. Scenarios of land-use change and nitrogen release in the Ipswich watershed, Massachusetts, USA. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling (GIS/EM4): Problems, Prospects and Research Needs. Banff, Alberta, Canada, September 2 - 8, 2000.


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Sokhi, B. S., 2000. When development is a dilemma. GIS@development, Vol. 4(11): pp. 38.

Sudhira, H. S., Ramachandra, T. V., and Jagadish, K. S., 2003. Urban sprawl pattern recognition and modeling using GIS. Paper presented at Map India - 2003, New Delhi. January 28 - 31, 2003.


Theobald, D. M., 2001, "Quantifying urban and rural sprawl using the sprawl index". Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association of American Geographers in New York, on March 2nd, 2001.

Torrens P. M., and Alberti M., 2000. Measuring sprawl. Working paper no. 27, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London.


Torrens P. M., and O' Sullivan D., 2001. Cellular automata and urban simulation: where do we go from here? Environment and Planning B, Vol. 28, pp. 163-168.

Trani, M. K. and Giles, R. H., 1999. An analysis of deforestation: Metrics used to describe pattern change, Forest Ecology and Management 114, pp. 459 470.

Turkstra, J, 1996. Urban growth and land use options for lower-income groups: a case study of Villavicencio, Columbia. ITC Journal, 1996-1: pp. 57 - 63.

Waddell P., 2002. UrbanSim: Modeling urban development for land use, transportation and environmental planning. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 68 No. 3, pp. 297-314.

World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987. Our common future, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Yeh, A. G. O., and Xia Li, 1996. Urban growth management in the Pearl river delta: an integrated remote sensing and GIS approach. ITC Journal, Special Habitat-II issue, 1996 - 1: pp. 77-86.

Yeh, A. G. O., and Xia Li, 2001. Measurement and monitoring of urban sprawl in a rapidly growing region using entropy. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 67(1): pp 83.


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