ENVIS Technical Report: 79,  July 2014
Tree species for planting at the sides and median of the roads in Bengaluru

   T.V. Ramachandra1,2,3,*      Harish R.Bhat1  Gouri Kulkarni1
1Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy
2Centre for Sustainable Technologies [CST], Indian Institute of Science
3Centre for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transport and Urban Planning [CiSTUP], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012
*Corresponding author: cestvr@ces.iisc.ernet.in, energy@ces.iisc.ernet.in [080-22933099]
Citation: RamachandraT.V,  Harish R. Bhat and  Gouri Kulkarni, 2014. Tree species for planting at the sides and median of the roads in Bengaluru, ENVIS Technical Report 75, ENVIS, Centre for Ecological Sciences, IISc, Bangalore 560012, Pp42
Prominent trees of Bangalore

Bauhinia purpurea L.
Common name: Butterfly tree

Family: Fabaceae

Description: A medium-sized tree up to 6.5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, broadly ovate-orbicular, cleft to middle, lobes rounded. Inflorescence a raceme. Flowers are in a panicle, rose to pink. Fruit a pod, flat, pubescent.

Flowering and fruits: October and May

Native: India, Burma, Vietnam
Location: Malleshwaram, Mahalakshmipuram, Yeshwanthpura, Jaynagar East, Jayanagar, Rajarajeshwari nagar, Sadashiva Nagar. Cultivated as avenue tree.

Bombax malabaricum DC.
Common name: Red silk-cotton tree
Family: Bombacaceae

Description: A tall native with straight trunk that is covered with hard, sharp, conical prickles. Leaves are large with 3-7 lanceolate to oval leaflets having pointed apex. Flowers are large clustered at the end of branches. Fruit ovoid in shape with five partitions. Seeds are covered with silky white hairs.

Native: India
Flowering and fruits: February – March
Location: Malleshwaram, M.G Road, Sadashiva Nagar.

Cassia spectabilis DC.
Common name: Popcorn bush cedar
Family: Fabaceae

Description: A medium sized tree with dense canopy. Leaves are pinnately compound. Flowers yellow in terminal corymbose panicles. Fruit is a long compressed and dehiscent pod.

Flowering and Fruits: March –October
Native: Tropical Southeast Asia
Location: Malleshwaram, Sanjay Nagar, Sankey Road, M.G Road, Yeshwanthpur, Rajaji Nagar. Dr Rajkumar ward.


Cocos nucifera L.
Common name: Coconut palm
Family: Arecaceae

Description: A monoecious palm with regular leaf scars. Leaves are pinnately compound. Flowers are in a branched spadix, male flowers are small and many. Fruit is a drupe. Endocarp is lined with hallow endosperm,, which is edibe.

Flowering and Fruits: Throughout the year
Native: Indo-Pacific
Location: Rajaji Nagar, Mahalakshmi layout, Rajajeshwari Nagar, Basveshwara Nagar, Jayanagar, Yeshwanthpur, Yelahanka. Commonly occur in residential area.

Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf.
Common name: Gulmohur
Famliy: Fabaceae
Description:Moderate sized tree upto 9 m high. Leaves alternate, bipinnate, upto 40 cm long. Inflorescence a corymb. Fruit a pod, long, black, when dry, upto 50 cm long, septate within.
Flowering and fruits: April - June
Native: Madagascar
Location: Rajajeshwari Nagar, Malleshwaram, Rajaji Nagar, Shankar Mutt, Seshadripuram, Yelahanka. Cultivated as avenue tree.

Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites
Common name: Mast tree
Family: Annonaceae
Description: Tree up to 4 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, shortly-petoiled undualate, acute, shining, membranous when young. Inflorescence a panicle, sometimes in a short-peduncled umbel. Fruits a berry, ovoid, reddish black.
Flowering and Fruits: March –April; April –May
Native: South India
Location: Yeshwanthpur, Rajajinagar, Vijaynagar, Malleshwaram, Mahalakshmipuram. Cultivated as avenue tree.

Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Common name: African tulip tree
Family: Bignoniaceae
Description: Glabrescent evergreen tree, upto 20 m high. Leaves opposite, imparipinnate, ovate-lanceolate, entire.  Flowers in terminal racemes or panicles. Capsule linear-lanceolate, acuminate at both ends.
Flowering: December –March Fruits: April-July
Native: Tropical Africa
Location: Malleshwaram, Rajajinagar, M.G Road, Sanjay Nagar, Sadashiva nagar, Raj Rajeshwari Nagar, Vijay nagar, Hebbal. Cultivated as avenue tree.

Millingtonia hortensis L.f.
Common name: Indian cork tree
Family: Bignoniaceae
Description: Tree with drooping upto 16 m high. Leaves opposite, simple, 2-3-pinnate upto 30 cm. inflorescence a terminal corymbose panicle. Fruit an elongated capsule, flattened, dehiscent, leathery.
Flowering and Fruits: April –May
Native: Myanmar
Location: Dr. Rajkumar ward, Malleshwaram, Yeshwanthpur, Jaynagar, Sadashiva nagar. Cultivated as avenue tree.


Pongamia pinnata
Common name: Indian elm
Family: Fabaceae
Description: Moderate sized tree upto 7 m high. Leaves alternate, pinnate, stipules small, oblong, cadcous. Inflorescence a panicled raceme, axillary and terminal. Fruit a pod, oblong-obovoid, compressed, woody. Seeds solitary, reniform, brown at both ends.
Flowering and Fruits: March – April
Native: India
Location: Malleshwaram, Mahalakshmipuram, Basaveshwara Nagar. Yelahanka.