Floristic Diversity in Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka
Ramachandra T.V, Subash Chandran M.D, Rao G.R, Vishnu Mukri, Joshi N.V

Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of
Science, Bangalore 560 012, URL:


The earliest record of the plants from Uttara Kannada was provided by Buchanan (1870) wherein he gave a brief general account of the plants he encountered in the course of his journey through the district. The district’s flora was covered in the works of Hooker (1872-1879), Cooke (1901-1908), Talbot (1909) and Saldanha (1984). Account of status and working prescriptions for the forests were available from numerous forest working plans for the district, through a period of about the last 110 years. In addition, numerous works such as monographs, research papers etc. carried valuable information about the districts’ plants and forest ecology. Bhat et al (1985) carried out plant diversity studies in the forests of Uttara Kannada covering some reserved forest and minor forest areas.  Shastri et al (2002) in their study recorded a total of 144 species of trees from the Sirsimakki village ecosystem in Uttara Kannada district out of which 93 tree species were found in agro-ecosystem area (including home gardens, paddy and areca garden boundary) and 104 species were recorded from non-agricultural lands such as soppina betta, minor and reserve forest. Rao et al (2008) documented the floristic diversity of 29 different wetlands in 9 taluks of Uttara Kannada district wherein 167 plant species belonging to 32 families were recorded. Chandran et al, (2008) rediscovered the occurrence of two Critically Endangered tree species Madhuca bourdillonii and Syzygium travancoricum from some relic forests of Uttara Kannada, almost 700 km north of their recorded home range in southern Kerala. Ali et al (2010) reported the occurrence of Burmannia championii Thw., a saprophytic herb, for the first time in Karnataka from a Myristica swamp in Uttara Kannada district, thereby extending its northern limit of distribution in Western Ghats. During a botanical exploration in Anshi National Park, Uttara Kannada district, Punekar and Lakshminarasimhan (2010) observed and described a new species Stylidium darwinii Punekar & Lakshman belonging to family Stylidaceae.







Citation : Ramachandra T.V., Subash Chandran M.D., Rao G R, Vishnu D. Mukri and Joshi N.V., 2015. Floristic diversity in Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka, Chapter 1, In Biodiversity in India-Vol. 8, Pullaiah and Sandhya Rani (Eds), Regency publications, New Delhi, Pp 1-87

Corresponding author:

  Dr. T.V. Ramachandra

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