Economic Valuation of Wetlands
T. V. Ramachandra, R. Rajinikanth and V.G. Ranjini
Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Center for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore


Aquatic ecosystems sustain life on earth, regardless of humankind’s understanding of the biology, chemistry, and geology involved.Population increase coupled with intense anthropogenic activities and unplanned developmental activities have impaired the ecosystems’ functions and have resulted in the extinction of these fragile ecosystems.The consequence may be long term and possibly irreversible changes. Such changes reduce the value of the ecosystem. They can even affect the economy. Understanding of functions and values of the ecosystem is crucial for appropriate decision-making. The decisions with the holistic ecosystem approach ensure the sustainability of the ecosystems. This paper with case studies discusses the valuation of ecosystems considering the direct, indirect and existence benefits. The economic valuation of wetlands helps to understand the constituent’s functions and benefits and this exercise could act as a catalyst for wetland conservation. The services provided by these wetlands are innumerable and these values are often lost through inappropriate development and are used inefficiently due to lack of knowledge about the vital functions performed by them. Linkages between use values and ecosystem functions are to be highlighted to raise awareness among the users. The role of the stakeholders especially public and private sectors in managing the ecosystems in a sustainable manner has been outlined in this paper while evolving the management strategies.

Keywords: Wetlands, economic valuation, conservation, restoration

Citation : T. V. Ramachandra and R. Rajinikanth, 2005. Economic Valuation of Wetlands. Journal of Environmental Biology, 26(3), 439-447.
* Corresponding Author :
  Dr. T.V. Ramachandra
Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences,
New Biological Sciences Building, 3rd Floor, E-Wing, Lab: TE15
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, INDIA.
  Tel : 91-80-22933099 / 22933503(Ext:107) / 23600985,
Fax : 91-80-23601428 / 23600085 / 23600683 [CES-TVR]
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