Insights to Urban Dynamics through Landscape Spatial Pattern Analysis
Ramachandra T V a,b,c,*                Bharath H. Aithal a,b                Durgappa D. Sanna b
a Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Center for Ecological Sciences [CES], b Centre for Sustainable Technologies (astra), c Centre for infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning [CiSTUP], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560 012, India
*Corresponding author:

Material and Methods

Urban dynamics was analysed using temporal remote sensing data of the period 1973 to 2010. The time series spatial data acquired from Landsat Series Multispectral sensor (57.5m) and Thematic mapper (28.5m) sensors for the period 1973 to  2010 were downloaded from public domain ( Survey of India (SOI) topo-sheets of 1:50000 and 1:250000 scales were used to generate base layers of city boundary, etc. City map with ward boundaries were digitized from the BBMP (Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike) map.  Population data was collected from the Directorate of Census Operations, Bangalore region (  Table1 lists the data used in the current analysis. Ground control points to register and geo-correct remote sensing data were collected using handheld pre-calibrated GPS (Global Positioning System), Survey of India Toposheet and Google earth (,

Table 1:  Materials used in the analysis

DATA Year Purpose
Landsat Series Multispectral sensor (57.5m) 1973 Land use analysis
Landsat Series Thematic mapper (28.5m) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper sensors 1992,1999, 2002, 2006,2010 Land use analysis
Survey of India (SOI) toposheets of 1:50000 and 1:250000 scales   boundary and base layers.
Census Data 2001 Population density ward-wise


Citation : Ramachandra. T.V., Bharath H. Aithal and Durgappa D. Sanna, 2012. Insights to Urban Dynamics through Landscape Spatial Pattern Analysis., International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 18, Pp. 329-343.
* Corresponding Author :
  Dr. T.V. Ramachandra
Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, India.
Tel : 91-80-23600985 / 22932506 / 22933099,      Fax : 91-80-23601428 / 23600085 / 23600683 [CES-TVR]
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