Environmental flow assessment in a lotic ecosystem of Central Western Ghats, India
Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences [CES], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560012, India.
Web URL: http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy; http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/foss
*Corresponding author:


The Western Ghats is a series of hills located in the western part of peninsular India stretching over a distance of 1,600 km from north to south and covering an area of about 1,60,000 sq.km [3] and one among the 35 global hotspots of biodiversity [1, 2].  It harbors very rich and rare flora and fauna and there are records of over 4,500 species of flowering plants with 38% endemics, 330 butterflies with 11% endemics, 156 reptiles with 62% endemics, 508 birds with 4% endemics, 120 mammals with 12% endemics, 289 fishes with 41% endemics and 135 amphibians with 75% endemics [4 - 7].

Western Ghats has numerous watersheds that feed perennial rivers of peninsular India [2]. It encompasses series of west and east flowing rivers that originates from the Western Ghats, supporting as source of sustenance for existing life forms in the environment. One such source of perennial waters is Yettinaholé originating at an altitude of 950 m in Sakaleshpura taluk of Hassan district, and tributary of river Gundia, which joins Kumaradhara and finally drains to Netravathi River The region with a repository of endemic and rare biodiversity is ecologically sensitive and large scale degradation of catchment landscape have influenced the availability of water and has also affected the sustenance of biodiversity. Changes in landscape structure and the regional climate [8, 9] have altered the hydrologic regime [10, 11] in many lotic ecosystems in the tropical regions, affecting the potential of the catchment to retain water in the surface and sub surfaces.  Various studies carried out in Western Ghats [12, 14] and across the globe show the relevance of landscape on surface and subsurface hydrological regime [12 - 19]. Few studies carried out in Western Ghats also emphasize on the role of hydrological regime on the habitats, ecology, biodiversity, quality of water, soil and ecosystem etc. [20 - 23]. In the current communication an attempt has been made to understand the linkages between the hydrological dynamics across varied landscape of Yettinaholé catchment with the societal and environmental water needs. In this regard, the study investigates land use dynamics, hydrological yield, fish diversity in select streams and linkages with the flow during lean season and drivers of hydrological regime impairment.


Citation : Ramachandra TV, Vinay S, Bharath HA, (2016). Environmental Flow Assessment in a Lotic Ecosystem of Central Western Ghats, India. Hydrol Current Res 7: 248. doi:10.4172/2157-7587.1000248.
* Corresponding Author :
Dr. T.V. Ramachandra
Energy & Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, India.
Tel : +91-80-2293 3099/2293 3503 [extn - 107],      Fax : 91-80-23601428 / 23600085 / 23600683 [CES-TVR]
E-mail : cestvr@ces.iisc.ernet.in, energy@ces.iisc.ernet.in,     Web : http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy, http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/grass